Jefferson County Commission v. Tennant, Civil Action No. 2:11-CV-0989 (Mem. Op. and Order dated Jan. 3, 2012):
"Upon careful consideration of the parties' written submissions and the testimony, evidence, and arguments of counsel, we conclude that West Virginia's congressional apportionment was not accomplished in conformance with the Constitution of the United States. The plaintiffs are therefore entitled to have the enactment declared null and void, and, in turn, to have the Secretary of State permanently enjoined from conducting West Virginia's elections for Congress in accordance therewith."